The protected keyword specifies access to class members in the member-list up to the next access specifier ( public or private ) or the end of the class definition. Class members declared as protected can be used only by the following: Member functions of the class that originally declared these members.
Can a friend class access protected members?
Friend Class A friend class can access private and protected members of other class in which it is declared as friend. It is sometimes useful to allow a particular class to access private members of other class.
Can public function access protected members?
protected members can be accessed: through this pointer. or to the same type protected members even if declared in base. or from friend classes, functions.
Who can access protected variables?
Protected Access Modifier – Protected
Variables, methods, and constructors, which are declared protected in a superclass can be accessed only by the subclasses in other package or any class within the package of the protected members’ class. The protected access modifier cannot be applied to class and interfaces.
How can we access protected and private members of a class?
Protected members can only be accessed by descendants of the class, and by code in the same module. Private members can only be accessed by the class they’re declared in, and by code in the same module.
How do I access protected members?
Protected members that are also declared as static are accessible to any friend or member function of a derived class. Protected members that are not declared as static are accessible to friends and member functions in a derived class only through a pointer to, reference to, or object of the derived class.
Which access specifier is most secure during inheritance?
Explanation: The private members are most secure in inheritance. The default members can still be in inherited in special cases, but the private members can’t be accessed in any case.
What are the protected members inheritance?
Protected Inheritance − When deriving from a protected base class, public and protected members of the base class become protected members of the derived class. Private Inheritance − When deriving from a private base class, public and protected members of the base class become private members of the derived class.
Which members of class Cannot be inherited?
Explanation: Private members of a class can’t be inherited. These members can only be accessible from members of its own class only. It is used to secure the data. 4.
Who can access protected members C++?
A class in C++ has public, private and protected sections which contain the corresponding class members. Protected members in a class are similar to private members as they cannot be accessed from outside the class. But they can be accessed by derived classes or child classes while private members cannot.
What is the most restrictive access modifier that will allow members of one class to have access?
What is the most restrictive access modifier that will allow members of one class to have access to members of another class in the same package? Explanation: default access is the “package oriented” access modifier. Option A and C are wrong because public and protected are less restrictive.
Can we inherit private methods?
say() because derived classes can’t inherit private methods from its base class. Only protected and public methods/variables can be inherited and/or overridden.