How much does it cost to create a marine protected area?

A first-ever effort to put a price tag on the cost of setting up new marine protected areas (MPAs) finds that costs can vary, but that bigger reserves deliver more bang for the buck. Researchers calculate that planners have spent anywhere from $41 to $1.1 million per square kilometer to get new reserves up and running.

How much do marine protected areas cost?

Recurrent annual expenditure on the MPAs sampled, expressed per km2, ranged from zero to >$28 million per km2 per year (median, $775 per km2 per year; all costs are given in year 2000 U.S. dollars).

How do you establish a marine protected area?

Current and long-standing commitments regarding marine protection should be the starting point for the level of ambition set by the Agreement.

  1. Step 1: Identification. …
  2. Step 2: Proposal. …
  3. Step 3: Consultation. …
  4. Step 4: Designation. …
  5. Step 5: Conservation & Management. …
  6. Step 6: Monitoring. …
  7. Step 7: Report and Review. …
  8. Step 8: Compliance.

How are marine protected areas funded?

Public lands and waters, including MPAs, are supported by a combination of appropriations, fees, concessions, philanthropy, and other funding vehicles.

What are the cons of marine protected areas?

The disadvantages of large MPAs include difficulties of surveillance, enforcement and monitoring of vast offshore areas, as well as high total costs. While the cost per unit area may be lower for large MPAs, conducting surveillance and monitoring in such vast areas requires much more expensive technologies.

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Why are highly protected marine areas beneficial?

Marine habitats and species, such as seagrass, sandy seabeds and reefs, support important fisheries, help to mitigate the impact of climate change, provide raw materials for industry and provide opportunities for recreation.

What percentage of marine area is declared as protected area?

The Marine Protected Areas Outlook, released today, indicates that almost half of the total area – an estimated 63 percent of the overall square kilometers – was brought under protection in the seven years since the 2015 adoption of Sustainable Development Goal 14.5, which committed countries to conserving at least 10 …

How much do protected areas cost?

A first-ever effort to put a price tag on the cost of setting up new marine protected areas (MPAs) finds that costs can vary, but that bigger reserves deliver more bang for the buck. Researchers calculate that planners have spent anywhere from $41 to $1.1 million per square kilometer to get new reserves up and running.