Protected data, sometimes called Personally Identifiable Information or PII, is an umbrella term for information about a person that can be used to facilitate identity theft and other criminal acts.
What types of data are protected?
Types of data security controls
- Authentication. Authentication, along with authorization, is one of the recommended ways to boost data security and protect against data breaches. …
- Access control. …
- Backups & recovery. …
- Encryption. …
- Data masking. …
- Tokenization. …
- Deletions & erasure.
What data should be protected?
Key pieces of information that are commonly stored by businesses, be that employee records, customer details, loyalty schemes, transactions, or data collection, need to be protected. This is to prevent that data from being misused by third parties for fraud, such as phishing scams and identity theft.
What does protecting your data mean?
Data protection is the process of safeguarding important information from corruption, compromise or loss. The importance of data protection increases as the amount of data created and stored continues to grow at unprecedented rates.
What types of data are covered by data protection rules?
The Data Protection Act covers data held electronically and in hard copy, regardless of where data is held. It covers data held on and off campus, and on employees’ or students’ mobile devices, so long as it is held for University purposes, regardless of the ownership of the device on which it is stored.
When should you destroy data?
When the time comes that you no longer need a document or set of documents, you should destroy them. Providing that they don’t relate to company information, clients or employees, you are able to destroy them as frequently as you please.
How do you ensure data protection?
There are four general rules of compliance that you should follow when keeping data.
- review the content of files and records. accuracy. relevance. …
- keep data secure.
- maintain best practice in record keeping. limit access to data. only use data for the original purpose. …
- only retain data for as long as necessary.
Why Is Data Protection Act important?
The Data Protection Act is important because it provides guidance and best practice rules for organisations and the government to follow on how to use personal data including: Regulating the processing of personal data. … Holding organisations liable to fines in the event of a breach of the rules.
Why is data privacy so important?
Why is data privacy important? When data that should be kept private gets in the wrong hands, bad things can happen. A data breach at a government agency can, for example, put top secret information in the hands of an enemy state. A breach at a corporation can put proprietary data in the hands of a competitor.
What is a personal data?
Personal data is information that relates to an identified or identifiable individual. What identifies an individual could be as simple as a name or a number or could include other identifiers such as an IP address or a cookie identifier, or other factors.
What is more important data security or data privacy or data utility?
Security is about protecting data from malicious threats, whereas privacy is about using data responsibly. … To achieve this, organizations use tools and technology such as firewalls, user authentication, network limitations, and internal security practices to deter such access.
How is data protected in the cloud?
To keep data secure, the front line of defense for any cloud system is encryption. … Typically cloud service providers offer encryption services — ranging from an encrypted connection to limited encryption of sensitive data — and provide encryption keys to decrypt the data as needed.