It prohibits laws that unreasonably and unfairly favor some groups over others or arbitrarily discriminate against persons.
What does the Equal Protection Clause protect?
Equal Protection refers to the idea that a governmental body may not deny people equal protection of its governing laws. The governing body state must treat an individual in the same manner as others in similar conditions and circumstances.
What is the equal protection clause and where is it located quizlet?
A clause in the Fourteenth Amendment that provides “No State shall… deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws”.
Who does the equal protection clause protect?
In addition, the Fourteenth Amendment contains the equal protection clause. This mandates that no state shall… “deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” This clause has proved to be central in ending and preventing government discrimination based on race and gender.
What is the equal protection clause What three tests are associated with discrimination in law?
The tests associated with legal discrimination are the reasonable-basis test and the strict-scrutiny test.
How does discrimination conflict with the concept of equal protection quizlet?
Because discrimination must be intentional in order to violate the Constitution, only intentional (de jure) segregation in schools violates the Equal Protection Clause. … The use of racial quotas or of race as a determinative criterion, however, violates equal protection and is unconstitutional.
Which Amendment is the Equal Protection Clause from quizlet?
Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment prohibits any state from passing a law that denies to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. Challenge may arise where there is a difference in treatment based on discriminatory classification.
How does the equal protection clause protect individual rights and limit the powers of government?
How does the equal protection clause protect individual rights and limit the powers of government? It ensures that government cannot draw unreasonable distinctions between groups of people. When do judges apply the strict scrutiny test during judicial review?
Is there an equal protection clause in the 5th Amendment?
Although both the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments have Due Process Clauses (the Fifth Amendment Due Process Clause constraining the authority of the federal government and the identical Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment constraining only state governments), there is only one Equal Protection Clause, and it …