Guards are physical barriers that enclose dangerous machine parts and prevent employee contact with them. They must be strong and fastened by any secure method that prevents the guard from being inadvertently dislodged or removed. This is the preferred method of protection.
What is the purpose of guarding electrical equipment with exposed parts operating at 50 V or more?
To avoid the risk of accidental shock, live electrical components operating at 50 volts or more must be guarded with covers or other permanent barriers to prevent accidental contact by workers and their tools. Equipment can also be locked behind an enclosure, in a room, or at an elevated height.
What do Guards do to protect the worker?
Guards provide physical barriers that prevent access to dangerous areas. Safeguarding devices either prevent or detect operator contact with the point of operation or stop potentially hazardous machine motion if any part of a worker’s body is within the hazardous portion of the machine.
What are examples of guarding?
Examples of guarding methods are-barrier guards, two-hand tripping devices, electronic safety devices, etc. General requirements for machine guards. Guards shall be affixed to the machine where possible and secured elsewhere if for any reason attachment to the machine is not possible.
Why are safety guards important?
Machine guarding is basically guarding or protecting machine parts that are the most dangerous. Machine guarding helps to prevent amputations, lacerations, crushing injuries and abrasions. … Without such guarding, the resulting injury can be severe or even fatal.
Does OSHA require electrical panels to be closed?
The Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) and the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) have outlined the amount of clearance necessary around an electric panel. They have also determined that all live components must be enclosed to protect workers.
What are the minimum requirements for protection and guards?
Guards must meet these minimum general requirements:
- Prevent contact. The guard must prevent hands, arms, and any other part of a operator’s body from making contact with dangerous moving parts.
- Secure. …
- Protect from falling objects. …
- Create no new hazards. …
- Create no interference. …
- Allow safe lubrication.
What are the 3 steps used to manage health and safety at work?
There are three steps used to manage health and safety at work.
- Spot the Hazard (Hazard Identification)
- Assess the Risk (Risk Assessment)
- Make the Changes (Risk Control)
Who is responsible for machine guarding?
Therefore, the machine “designers” have compliance responsibility. But, in the U.S., OSHA clearly states that its regulations targets manufacturers, which we say are the end users (of machinery). OSHA states that every employer must have a safe work place.
What is the basic principle of machine guarding?
Any machine part, function, or process which may cause injury must be safeguarded. Where the operation of a machine or accidental contact with it can injure the operator or others in the vicinity, the hazards must either be eliminated or controlled.