Ratified as it was after the Civil War in 1868, there is little doubt what the Equal Protection Clause was intended to do: stop states from discriminating against blacks. But the text of the Clause is worded very broadly and it has come a long way from its original purpose.
Why did the Equal Protection Clause apply to?
Equal protection forces a state to govern impartially—not draw distinctions between individuals solely on differences that are irrelevant to a legitimate governmental objective. Thus, the equal protection clause is crucial to the protection of civil rights.
How has the equal protection clause been interpreted since 1954?
The Board of Education (1954) is a good example of one interpretation of the equal protection clause. … The Supreme Court found that ‘separate but equal’ was illegal under the equal protection clause because states were not, in fact, providing all people ‘equal protection of the laws. ‘
How is the 14th Amendment used today?
In practice, the Supreme Court has used the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment to guarantee some of the most fundamental rights and liberties we enjoy today. It protects individuals (or corporations) from infringement by the states as well as the federal government.
What is the equal protection clause in simple terms?
: the clause in the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that prohibits any state from denying to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
What was one reason why the Equal Rights Amendment failed?
What was one reason why the equal rights amendment failed? Fewer women wanted to enter the workforce by the 1970s. Only seven states ratified the amendment in the allotted time. Many people feared potential unintended effects of the amendment because it was vaguely worded.
Who does the 14th Amendment apply to?
Passed by the Senate on June 8, 1866, and ratified two years later, on July 9, 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment granted citizenship to all persons “born or naturalized in the United States,” including formerly enslaved people, and provided all citizens with “equal protection under the laws,” extending the provisions of …
Who does the equal protection clause protect?
In addition, the Fourteenth Amendment contains the equal protection clause. This mandates that no state shall… “deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” This clause has proved to be central in ending and preventing government discrimination based on race and gender.
How can the 14th Amendment be violated?
Washington , the U.S. Supreme Court rules that the due process clause of the 14th Amendment (which guarantees the right to a fair hearing that follows the rules) is violated when a state law fails to explain exactly what conduct is prohibited.
What is the most important part of the 14th Amendment?
The major provision of the 14th amendment was to grant citizenship to “All persons born or naturalized in the United States,” thereby granting citizenship to former slaves.
Why does the 14th Amendment matter today?
The 14th Amendment established citizenship rights for the first time and equal protection to former slaves, laying the foundation for how we understand these ideals today. It is the most relevant amendment to Americans’ lives today.