You asked: Can we access protected member outside the package?

A protected member or constructor of an object may be accessed from outside the package in which it is declared only by code that is responsible for the implementation of that object.

Can protected members be accessed outside the package?

The protected access modifier is accessible within the package. However, it can also accessible outside the package but through inheritance only. We can’t assign protected to outer class and interface. If you make any constructor protected, you cannot create the instance of that class from outside the package.

How do I access protected variables from different packages?

Basically, the protected keyword is an access modifier for method and variable of a class.

When a method or a variable is marked as protected, it can be accessed from:

  1. Within the enclosing class.
  2. Other classes in the same package as the enclosing class.
  3. Sub classes, regardless of packages.

Which of these will protect a class to be accessed from outside package?

Example of protected access modifier

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The A class of pack package is public, so can be accessed from outside the package. But msg method of this package is declared as protected, so it can be accessed from outside the class only through inheritance.

Can a protected field of class be inherited to subclass outside package?

All these guys explained that the protected member can be accessed by any subclass(also by the subclass out of package) and can be accessed by the package level classes.

Can a class declared as private be accessed outside it’s package?

Can a class declared as private be accessed outside it’s package? Not possible. … The protected access modifier cannot be applied to class and interfaces. Methods, fields can be declared protected, however methods and fields in a interface cannot be declared protected.

How can a protected member be accessed?

Protected members in a class are similar to private members as they cannot be accessed from outside the class. But they can be accessed by derived classes or child classes while private members cannot.

How can we access protected and private members of a class?

Protected members can only be accessed by descendants of the class, and by code in the same module. Private members can only be accessed by the class they’re declared in, and by code in the same module.

What are protected methods?

A protected method is like a private method in that it can only be invoked from within the implementation of a class or its subclasses. It differs from a private method in that it may be explicitly invoked on any instance of the class, and it is not restricted to implicit invocation on self .

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What is a protected variable?

Protected variables are those data members of a class that can be accessed within the class and the classes derived from that class. … Any member prefixed with an underscore should be treated as a non-public part of the API or any Python code, whether it is a function, a method or a data member.

What is difference between access specifier and access modifier?

There is no difference between access specifier and access modifier in Java. They both mean the same. Access modifier is the new and official term used instead of access specifier. Java provides four access modifiers to set access levels for classes, variables, methods and constructors.

Which members are accessible from outside the class?

In C++, there are three access specifiers: public – members are accessible from outside the class. private – members cannot be accessed (or viewed) from outside the class. protected – members cannot be accessed from outside the class, however, they can be accessed in inherited classes.